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Wuhan

City of Nine Provinces

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  • General Information

    Other Name: Thoroughfare of Nine Provinces, District: Hubei, State: Central South, China
    Area: 8467.11 km²
    Languages Spoken: Mendarin
    Long Distance Code: +8627
    Importance: Wuhan is an important functional center for economy, trade, finance, transportation, information and technology, and education in Central China.
    Best Time to Visit: March to May and October
    International Access: Connected to major Chinese cities.
  • Description

    Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, and is the most populous city in central People's Republic of China.
  • Location

    Wuhan is situated in the middle of Hubei Province of China, East Longitude 113°41′-115°05′, North Latitude 29°58′-31°22′.the east of Jianghan Plain.
  • Climate

    Subtropical Climate
The East Lake is vast and meandering. It's surrounded by green mountains. The whole park is divided into six scenic areas: the Tingtao Scenic Area, the Moshan Scenic Area, the Luoyan Scenic Area, the Baima Scenic Area, the Luohong Scenic Area and the Chuidi Scenic Area. Main scenic spots are the Yuyan Garden, musical fountain, the Xingyin Pavilion, the Changtian Tower, the Jiunv Frusta, the Huguang Pavilion, Tian Shui YI Se, Qu Ti Ling Bo and so on. People can take boats at any dock on the lakeside and get to the Moshan Zoo located at the other bank of the East Lake.

The East Lake possesses rich botanical resources. There is a large stretch of metasequoia forest. Many people come here to enjoy orchid in spring, water lily in summer, sweet osmanthus in autumn and plum blossom in winter.

As one of the four biggest Buddhist temples in Hubei Province, the Guiyuan Temple is very famous in wuhan. It was originally built by a monk named Bai Guang in 1658. It was named upon the Buddhist hymn: "Return to original purity without other resort, there would be many ways if it is at discretion."

The Guiyuan Temple covers an area of 46,900 square meters. There are more than 200 halls in the temple. Most of the buildings, Buddhist sutras, Buddhist Sculptures survived from the devastation of the Cultural Revolution. They are in a good state of preservation now. Among them, 500 gold arhat sculptures in the Arhat Hall is one of main features of the temple.

The Guiyuan Temple is very famous in the Buddhist world owning to perfect construction, spiffy sculpture and abundant collection. A large number of people including our compatriots in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan and those residing abroad, as well as many foreign tourists including some important persons in the politics of all countries such as Sihanouk, King of Cambodia, Kissinger, United States Secretary of State, Li Guangyao, former prime minister of Singapore, Yasuhiro Nakasone, Prime Minister of Japan and some other famous persons have successively been here to visit it. They presented gifts to the temple separately.

The vegetarian diet made in the Guiyuan Temple is very famous too. You should taste when you arrive there.

Guishan, which looks like a huge tortoise, is in the north of Hanyang across the Yangtze River from Snake Hill. With the HanshuiRiver also flowing by in the north, the hill was a strategic point in ancient wars. It is said that when King Yu in primitive age came here to tame the river, he was confronted by a water demon whom he fought for several years without success. Finally, a tortoise from Heaven arrived and defeated the demon, which turned into Snake Hill are many temples, pavilions, and terraces built over the dynasties, including King Yu's Rock by the side of the river, King Yu's Temple, the carvings on cliffs, and the Ancient Music Terrace (Guqintai).
The Yellow Crane Tower is on the border of the Yangtze River. It stands at the top of Snake Hill. It's splendid. Naturally, it becomes a well-known tourist attraction. In ancient times, a lot of famous people including Cui Hao, Li Bai, Bai Juyi, Jia Dao, Lu You, Yang Shen and Zhang Juzheng successively travelled here, writing down many poems. The poem named "the Yellow Crane Tower" written by Cui Hao has been considered to be a wonderful work all the time. Therefore, masses of people can recite it. This poem reminds them of the former grandeur of the Yellow Crane Tower. When the Yellow Crane Tower was topped off, its appearance was exciting.

The old Yellow Crane Tower was 2 Chi (a unit of length (3 Chi=1 meter)) and 9 Zhang (a unit of length (1 Zhang=3.3 meters)) high with a 7-Chi-high copper top. It had three storeys. The new Yellow Crane Tower is much grander than the former. There are 5 storeys in total. It's 51.4 meters high with a 5-meter-high gourd-shaped top. It’s nearly 20 meters higher than the former. The ground floor of the old tower is 15 meters wide, while that of the new tower is 30 meters wide. Hence, the Yellow Crane Tower isn't repaired, but rather reconstructed. It keeps some characteristics of the old tower. However, it's designed according to the present needs and people’s change in aesthetic standard.

When the bridge approach of the Changjiang River Bridge of Wuchang was built in 1957, it occupied the site of the Yellow Grane Tower. Nowadays, the rebuilt Yellow Crane Tower is located at the top of Snake Hill, about 1 kilometer away from the site. There are five storeys in total. It's 50.4 meters high. It has a spire. The eaves of each storey are upturned. Around the main tower, there are many others buildings, such as, the Shengxiang Pagoda, the Stele Gallery, the temple gate, etc. The whole building has a unique national style. The styles of each storey in the Yellow Crane Tower are different. The ground floor is a tall and wide hall. The midmost Zaojing stands over 10 meters high. On the front wall is a huge ceramic mural painting of " White Cloud and Yellow Crane ". A pair of 7-meter-long inscribed tablets is hung on the posts on both sides. On the front wall of the second floor, "Note of the Yellow Crane Tower" written by Yan Bojin of the Tang dynasty is engraved with marbles. It records the rise and fall of the Yellow Crane Tower as well as some anecdotes about great men. At the two side of it are two mural paintings. One is "Sun Quan Built Town". It describes the history of the successive birth of the Yellow Crane Tower and Wuchang Town vividly. The other is "Zhou Yu Made a Feast". It reflects the activity that the famous persons of the Three Kingdoms come to the Yellow Crane Tower.